Wednesday , July 11 2018


Blood pressure is one of the four major vital signs, the others being heart rate, breathing rate, and body temperature. These vital signs can help give a general idea of how well the body and its organs are performing.

Changes in a individual’s vital signs can point out an underlying health problem or a have to make lifestyle alterations.

Blood pressure is more commonly measured making use of a blood pressure cuff. Men and women who would not have the correct apparatus may still want to measure their blood pressure, but that is elaborate to do safely. Ordinarily, it’s higher to buy a blood pressure machine or seek advice from a physician or pharmacy for testing.

Measuring the blood pressure

Man measuring his own blood pressure with band and monitor

Blood pressure measures the quantity of force blood places on the blood vessels in the physique. A blood pressure studying includes two numbers that indicate the pressure inside the arteries because the blood flows by way of the body.

The upper number, known as the systolic strain, measures the pressure inside the arteries as the heart contracts to pump blood. The curb number, known as the diastolic strain, is the pressure throughout the artery as the guts rests between each and every beat.

According to the American coronary heart organization, usual blood strain is something below 120/80 mm Hg. If these numbers go bigger than a 120/80 mm Hg, it is regularly a sign that the guts is working too tough to pump blood via the arteries.

High blood pressure may also be precipitated through many causes, including:

  • stress
  • worry
  • excessive cholesterol
  • plaque buildup within the arteries

accurate blood strain readings are main, as high blood strain may not motive any signs until it is dangerously high.

Doctors use both electronic or mechanical machines to measure blood strain in a clinic. In some instances, they will endorse monitoring and recording the blood stress at house.

Monitoring blood stress at home often requires a machine that coverage may or may not duvet. Factors a health practitioner may recommend monitoring blood pressure at house comprise needing to understand the blood pressure at precise times of the day or after taking particular medicinal drugs.

It is possible, nevertheless, to take blood strain with out using a machine.

Checking the blood pressure manually

Stethoscope and aneroid monitor and blood pressure measuring band

To check the blood pressure without the aid of an automated machine, a person will need several medical items. These are:

  • a stethoscope
  • a blood pressure cuff with a squeezable balloon
  • an aneroid monitor, which has a numbered dial to read measurements

To check the blood pressure manually, sit in a relaxed position with the arm at rest on a table. Secure the cuff on the bicep and squeeze the balloon to increase the pressure.

Watch the aneroid monitor and increase the pressure to about 30 mm Hg over the normal blood pressure, or to 180 mm Hg if this is not known. When the cuff is inflated, place the stethoscope just inside the elbow crease under the cuff.

Slowly deflate the balloon and listen through the stethoscope. When the first beats hit, note the number on the aneroid monitor. This is the systolic pressure.

Continue listening until the steady heartbeat sound stops and record the number from the aneroid monitor again. This is the diastolic pressure. These two numbers are the blood pressure reading.

When checking blood pressure at home, it is important to remember:

  • Manual cuffs come in different sizes depending on the size of the arm. Using the right size ensures the most accurate reading.
  • The cuff should always sit directly on the bare skin.
  • Take a few deep breaths and relax for up to 5 minutes before measuring blood pressure.
  • Avoid talking during the test.
  • Place the feet flat on the floor and sit up straight while measuring the blood pressure.
  • Avoid checking blood pressure in a cold room.
  • Support the arm as close to heart level as possible.
  • Measure the blood pressure at a few different times during the day.
  • Avoid smoking, drinking, and exercise for 30 minutes before taking blood pressure.
  • Empty the bladder before taking a blood pressure test. A full bladder may give an incorrect blood pressure reading.

Automated blood pressure machines

The easiest and most correct way to measure the blood pressure at residence is to purchase an automated blood pressure display with an upper arm cuff.

The instructions for use may range with every computing device, and a person must follow them cautiously to make sure right operation. If the instructions are difficult to understand, a regional pharmacy or doctor’s workplace will be ready to exhibit a man or woman find out how to function the desktop correctly.

Doctors may just ask a person to deliver their at-house machine to the workplace for the duration of their next discuss with to scan the accuracy in comparison with the doctor’s studying.

Using a high-quality computer is essential, as inaccurate readings could intent pointless or dangerous changes in medicinal drugs or therapies.

A variety of blood pressure screens are in the marketplace online and in most drug retailers. A person may just desire to converse to a health care professional about which company they advise.

Using blood pressure apps

Smartphone with heart health monitoring app

There are apps and wrist devices that claim to measure the blood pressure, but these results are frequently inaccurate and are not a reliable way to monitor a person’s health.

Apps that log blood pressure results may be helpful for people who need to take regular blood pressure tests, however.

Recording a set of readings into these apps may help doctors identify trends in blood pressure and recommend treatments.


Blood pressure readings fall into the following categories:

Blood pressure status Systolic mm Hg Diastolic mm Hg
Normal Less than 120 Less than 80
Elevated 120–129 Less than 80
Stage 1 high blood pressure (hypertension) 130–139 80–89
Stage 2 high blood pressure 140 or higher 90 or higher
Hypertensive crisis (seek immediate medical attention) 180 or higher 120 or higher

Normal blood pressure is considered anything below 120/80 mm Hg. However, a healthy number may vary from person to person.

The numbers may change based on factors such as:

  • age
  • weight
  • sex
  • physical activity
  • underlying medical conditions

Anyone uncertain about their target blood pressure should visit a doctor for guidance.

If an at-home reading is higher than usual, it is important to do another reading 5 minutes later to ensure it is accurate.

Anyone who experiences a systolic pressure over 180 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure over 120 mm Hg should seek emergency medical care, as this is a sign of a hypertensive crisis.


Blood pressure can range founded on a variety of causes, so it’s most important to take a couple of reading for accuracy.

Tests taken at home is probably not as correct as those supplied at the doctor’s place of work, however computerized blood pressure monitors are on the whole just as distinctive.

Anybody involved about their blood pressure readings will have to seek advice a healthcare professional for the exceptional solution to monitor and control their blood pressure.

Lifestyle alterations are by and large necessary and may just comprise matters akin to lowering salt intake and exercising regularly.

Medicines will also be endorsed in some instances. Monitoring blood pressure at home can support a physician assess if the dose is enough or wishes altering.

About Dr Sundus Basharat

My name is Dr. Sundus Basharat, 25years old. I was graduated from Lahore College for Women University, my major is medicine. I live in Pakistan. I have ever worked in the community Health service center in Pakistan. Now I am working as a writer my motto is “write now what people need”. I spend most of my time in writing in a social network to gather people and give them interesting news and solution of most of our daily health and wealth problems.

Check Also


Baby ear infections are common but are usually nothing to worry about. Many young children …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

12 + 19 =